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Each state in Australia has laws that deal with different aspects of identity theft and fraud crimes. Such laws include Criminal Code Act 1899 (QLD), Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935 (SA), Crimes Act 1900 (ACT) and Crimes Act 1900 (NSW).

Fraud in general can be found in the Criminal Code Act 1899 QLD. In chapter 37 of the act it refers to this crime as it is a crime related to stealing. There are 3 main sections of this chapter in particular; 408C Fraud, 408D Obtaining or dealing with identificaion information and 408E computer hacking and misuse. In section 408C of the criminal code defines fraud when, "a person who dishonestly applies to his or her own use or to the use of any person’s property belonging to another; or which is in the person's possession, either solely or jointly with another person, subject to a trust, direction or condition or on account of any other person commits the crime of fraud and is liable to imprisonment for 5 years." (Criminal Code Act 1899 (Qld)).
The Crimes Act 1900 (NSW) contains 2 parts relevant to the issue; Part 4AA Fraud and Part 5 Forgery. In Part 4AA is consist of 4 main sections 192C Obtaining property belonging to another, 192D Obtaining financial advantage or causing financial disadvantage, 192E Fraud and 192G Intention to defraud by false or misleading statement. These sections provide definitions and possible consequences for committing the offence as well as Part 5. This has an additional 3 sections of relevance which are sections 253 Forgery-making false document, 254 Using false document and 256 Making or possession of equipment etc for making false documents. This act compared to the Criminal Code Act 1899 is more effective at providing detailed information on the issue of fraud as it goes in depth on scenarios appropriate.

The Australian Capital Territories Crimes Act 1900 gives insight on the offence relating to property in Part 6 of the act. This document focuses more on money laundering (section 114B), the possession of items suspected of being proceeds of crime (section 114C) and organized fraud (section 114D)
Credit card fraud also related to identity theft because the criminal steals personal information that can be used as a benefit to pretend to be someone they are not. The Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935 (SA) in Part A has various sections on identity theft but only 2 are relevant; sections 144B False identity and 144C Misuse of personal identification information. In 144C it states that, "a person who makes use of another person's personal identification information intending, by doing so, to commit, or facilitate the commission of, a serious criminal offence, is guilty of an offence and liable to the penalty appropriate to an attempt to commit the serious criminal offence." (Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935 (SA)).

In general they all address different issues and scenarios related to fraud. The main piece of legislation that deals with the issue efficiently is the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW) as it contains more sections of significance than any other and goes in depth into related crimes to credit card fraud like making false documents.